8 January 2024

What is a Limited Company?

When starting a business, one of the crucial decisions you’ll need to make is choosing the right legal structure. One popular option is to form a limited company. However, we need to review the advantages and disadvantages of a limited company, to decide whether it’s the right choice for your entrepreneurial venture.

What is a Limited Company?

A limited company is a legal entity that is separate and distinct from its owners (shareholders) and directors. It is created to carry out commercial activities with its own rights and liabilities.

Key Features of a Limited Company:

1. Legal Identity: A limited company is recognised as a separate entity from its owners, meaning it can enter into contracts, own property, sue or be sued in its own name.

2. Limited Liability: One of the most significant advantages of a limited company is that its shareholders’ personal liability for company debts is limited to the amount they have invested in the company. This protects personal assets if the company faces financial difficulties.

3. Shareholders and Directors: A limited company is owned by its shareholders and managed by directors, who are responsible for overseeing the company’s day-to-day operations and decision-making process.

4. Capital Structure: A limited company typically has an authorised share capital, which represents the maximum value of shares the company can issue to shareholders. Shareholders’ liability is limited to the value of their shares.

Advantages of a Limited Company:

1. Limited liability protects shareholders’ personal assets from company debts and legal claims.

2. Enhanced credibility and professionalism, as customers, suppliers, and investors often prefer dealing with established limited companies.

3. Access to funding and investment opportunities, including the ability to issue shares or raise capital through loans.

4. Possibility for tax advantages, as limited companies may benefit from lower tax rates and various deductions.

Disadvantages of a Limited Company:

1. Increased administrative responsibilities, including the need to file annual accounts, comply with regulations, and maintain detailed records.

2. Higher costs associated with incorporation, accountancy, and legal services compared to other business structures.

3. Less privacy, as details of company directors and financial reports are usually accessible to the public.


A limited company provides a range of benefits, including limited liability, enhanced credibility, and access to funding. However, it also brings additional administrative responsibilities and higher costs. It is essential to carefully consider your specific business needs, financial resources, and long-term goals before deciding to form a limited company. Seeking professional advice from accountants or business consultants can help guide you in making the best choice for your entrepreneurial journey.

Our specialist team would be more than happy to discuss your circumstances, to help review if a limited company would be beneficial for you. Get in touch with us today on 01724 848343.




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